Microwaves are electromagnetic waves which travel in a propagation medium such as air, space or a dielectric material. They are used for transporting signals and electric information over a wide range of frequencies, in particular those used for radio waves, radiofrequencies, microwaves up to infrared (from just a few MHz to 300 GHz and right up to Terahertz).
Microwave technologies cover technologies used in designing the circuits for microelectronics and integrated circuits, using technologies such as MMIC, silicon and III/V:
- antennae, sensors, high-frequency electronic components and active and passive circuits, etc. Designing circuits and systems involves skills in electrical modeling, wave propagation, electromagnetic and thermal simulations, EMC and interference phenomena
- technologies for miniature assembly and integration. The components and electronic systems created involve characterization, cabling and high-frequency testing technologies
- analog-digital conversion, methods and algorithms used to improve system performance (especially embedded systems), and signal processing are additional skill areas
- digital technologies providing simulation and modeling tools, often used in designing high-frequency components and electronic systems. They also make it possible to secure and protect data in embedded electronic systems.
These technologies enable manufacturers to offer innovative industrial solutions to meet market needs.